Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, born in Alexandria in Egypt on December 22, 1876, second son of the civil lawyer Enrico Marinetti and Amalia Grolli. A few years later, the family returned to Italy and settled in Milan. From a very young age, the Marinetti brothers showed a huge love for letters and an exuberant temperament.
In 1894 Marinetti achieves the baccalaureate in Paris and enrolled in the Faculty of Law of Pavia already attended by his older brother Leone, who died in 1897 at only 22 years of age due to cardiac complications.
He moved to the University of Genoa one year before graduation, which he will receive in 1899, he collaborates with the Anheologie revue de France et d'Italie, and wins the Parisian competition of the Samedis populaires with the poem "La vieux marins".
In 1902 he published his first book in verses La conquete des étoiles in which we can already see the first loose verses and those figures that characterize Futurist literature.
Near the socialist political area he never fully adheres to it because of his nationalist ideas, and despite the publication of his King Baldoria on the Avant, a satirical political reflection.
In 1905 he founded the magazine Poesia, through which he began his battle for the affirmation of free verse, for which he first encountered widespread hostility. On 20 February 1909 he published on Le Figaro the manifesto of Futurism, based on eleven points that combine all the arts, customs and politics, making Futurism the only multifaceted avant-garde. Marinetti states: "It is an anti-cultural, anti-philosophical movement of ideas, intuitions, instincts, slaps, purifying punches and sprinters.The Futurists fight diplomatic prudence, traditionalism, neutralism, museums, the cult of book."
The magazine Poesia is suppressed a few months later because it is considered outdated by Marinetti himself, who concludes his publication by making the futurist poem appear on the last issue. Let's kill the moonlight, indictment of the archaic sentimentalism dominant in Italian poetry, and true hymn to creative madness.
At the beginning, in addition to the fizzy and provocative Manifesti, the theater evenings are the main sounding board of Futurism, the public composed of aristocrats, bourgeois and proletarians, is provoked with skill and mastery and often the Futurist evenings end with the intervention of law enforcement.
In 1911 at the outbreak of the conflict in Libya, Marinetti went there as a correspondent for the Parisian newspaper L'intransigeant, and on the battlefields he found the inspiration that would definitively consecrate the words into freedom.
In 1913, while in Italy more and more artists joined Futurism, Marinetti left for Russia for a series of conferences. In 1914 he published the book Parolibero Zang Tumb tumb.
On the eve of the First World War, Marinetti and the Futurists proclaimed themselves active interventionists, and participate in the conflict, at the end of which the futurist leader is awarded two medals for military valor.
At the end of the First World War, Marinetti stipulated a futurist political program, his revolutionary intentions led to the formation of the Futurist beams and the foundation of the Futurist Rome newspaper. In the same year the meeting with the poetess and painter Benedetta Cappa took place and in 1923 she became his wife, and from whom she will have three daughters.
Despite a certain closeness to the communist and anarchist area, Marinetti is not convinced that a Bolshevik revolution like the Russian one is prospectable for the Italian people, and proposes an analysis in his book Beyond the communism published in 1920.
The futurist political program fascinates Mussolini by dragging him to make many of the innumerable points of the programmatic manifesto. In 1919 at the meeting at the San Sepolcro for the foundation ceremony of the fascist groups, Mussolini made use of the collaboration of the Futurists and their propaganda skills.
In 1920 Marinetti moved away from fascism, accusing him of reactionism and passatism, while still remaining a respected personality and full of consideration on the part of Mussolini. During the first years of the fascist regime, Marinetti undertook various tours abroad for the dissemination of Futurism, during his travels he gave birth to the idea for a new type of theater, "the realm of chaos and multiplicity."
1922 is the year that sees the publication of, according to its author, "indefinable novel" Gl'Indomabili, which will be followed by other novels and essays. In 1929 he was awarded the post of Italian scholar. The publication of poems and aeropoems follows. In 1935 he went to Volunteer in East Africa; back in 1936 begins a long series of studies and experiments on free words.
In July 1942 he left for the front, this time in the Russian campaign. His state of health at the arrival of the harsh autumn worsens further and is repatriated. In 1943, after the removal of Mussolini, with his wife and daughters, he moved to Venice.
At about one and twenty on December 2, 1944 in Bellagio on Lake Como, while he was living in a hotel waiting for admission to a Swiss clinic, he died of a heart attack; that same morning at dawn he had composed his last verses.
The poet Ezra Pound said of him: "Marinetti and Futurism have given a great impulse to all European literature.The movement to which Joyce, Eliot, myself and others we gave rise to London would not have existed without Futurism".