The illustrious Placid Family descends from Radi, in the Sienese countryside, and since the beginning of the '200s they are lords of this town. Ugo di Aldello was one of the thirty Sienese citizens elected in 1232 by the Council in the Magistrate, who, with great soul at the office, began to press to support the war, when Emperor Federico went towards Italy. Cione in 1251 was Gonfaloniere of the Knights of the City of Siena in the expedition against the Florentine Guelphs. Other Cione in 1306 was ambassador of the Republic of Siena to pacify those of Montiano, with the Grossetani, and in 1338 was among the first Knights made by the public, and in going with a French Prince around the city, according to the custom of the time, received special honors. Bartolomeo d'Aldello received the submission of Grosseto to the Sienese in the year 1310, in 1380 as Commissioner of the Republic he went as ambassador from Carlo di Durazzo; Macido d'Ugo d'Aldello was the first who in 1326 resided in the supreme Maestrato; in 1394 a Placido was the mediator of the differences between Count Bertoldo di Sovana and the Count of S.Fiora. Domenico was appointed Commissioner of the Republic as ambassador from Pius III, to take over the Suvara County. In 1419 Hugh of Cion was Provker of Biccherna, as was Agnolo di Placido in 1429 and his brother Domenico in 1444. Blessed Dominic of Cione, famous servant of God, was elected regular Canon in 1428. Giovanni d'Agnolo, instituting the Monte di Pietà in 1473, was the first Camarlingo. Messer Placido d'Aldello, counted in 1480 among the elect of Balìa and created Cavaliere by the Duke of Calabria, was Capitano del Popolo, but due to the vicissitudes that took place he was removed from the Magistrate of the Nine and from every Office and public honor, and confined for four years together with the brothers Neri and Domenico, but informed the Duke of Sessa he sent (known the insolence of those who governed the Republic) one of his ambassadors to the Balia to command him from His Majesty Caesarea, of which he was an orator in Rome, who canceled and dismissed the confinement to the Placid Citizens, protesting disobedience and injustice if he did not execute the commission. Neri d'Aldello in the year 1482, although gentleman of high understanding, no less with his brothers, and some others of the Monte di Nove, was from the people of Siena deprived of any office and public honor and confined for four years outside the State, forbidding under very severe penalties that anyone should be given help or administered anything, so that he threw himself into the arms of King Ferdinand of Naples, on whose galleys ran down by sea along the Maremma of Siena, until when Balia was with others declared rebellious, from which with some people of the Lord of Piombino, by order of the King of Naples, he appeared armed under Monte Riggioni, which was held by the exiles besieged by the Sienese, and although it was put to flight, not for this lost the daring or the reputation, indeed he worked so hard and with his own hand, who returned to force in the City of Siena on July 22, 1487 and having created a new Balia twenty-four in number he was one of the n new senators. Three years later he was appointed Deputy to reclaim the territory, remove the woods and spots from the Lake of Pietra and Castiglione, as with Giacomo Petrucci punctually executed. He had already been elected to stipulate peace in Rome between the order of the Nine and the Reformers, and then of the Nine with the Twelve. Then the Novesca faction was expelled from the popular, with many others Neri threw himself out, placing himself at the services of Alfonso Re of Aragon, from whom he was appointed to his Counselor. The same status as a Counselor was given by the King of Naples, obtaining from him the government of various cities, and after returning to his homeland he received the lordship of Torricella di Chianti from the Republic. At that time his daughter married Spannocchi.
Other Domenico in 1507 was Ambassador to the Diet of Constance, was an illustrious Knight and Chancellor for a long time of the Senate of Siena.
Later on, when the opposite party won, in 1527 Siena was confined to Urbino. He was the first who with the army of Pope Clement VII and the Florentines tried to return to his homeland. The thought went wrong, but on the other hand was consoled by the Pope, obtaining the Government of Orvieto. Other Aldello in 1524 was Ambassador to Viterbo at the Commendatore Herrera sent to Spain and Italy by Emperor Charles V. In 25 July 1526 he was defeated and defeated with his troops under Siena, and declared rebel and guilty of Lesa Majesty. In 1527 he was appointed by Pope Clement VII Senator in Rome, and in the Campidoglio triumphed his virtue and greatness, he was a speaker of Civil Law.
In April 1555 we find the Captain of Infantry, when he was commissioned by the Guard of the City of Pienza, Captain of a Corazza Company for the Catholic League passed in France. Back in Tuscany he had the same command in Arezzo. The Ammirati says that being Aldello was challenged by the captain Bombaglino of Arezzo, recoiled from trial of the army not out of cowardice, but out of reverence that he had with the venerable decrepitude, which courtesy of the Grand Duke Cosimo I liked so much he valued Aldello as valiant, then considered him to be generous and prudent. He also dodged the duel with Persio Buoninsegni. Aldello and his brother Domenico are named in some of the Letters of Niccolò Macchiavelli.
Giacomo was Castellano of Castel Sant'Angelo at the time of Paul III, and in 1543 the same Pope made him Bishop of Sessa. Giovanni took part in the conspiracy against Diego di Mendoza, who built the Fortress in Siena to keep the city subject to the Emperor. He discovered the conspiracy, was condemned as a rebel, but expelled the Spaniards he was appointed in the Balia in 1552.
Fra Lepido Cavaliere di Malta was sent in 1571 by the Grand Duke Cosimo I to help Emperor Rodolfo I with some people. He died with the alarm in his hand under the fortress of Pappa struck by a musket on his head after the naval route.
Fra Girolamo Gerosolimitano was Captain in Germany in 1592 and was the bishop of the company commanded by Lepidus, and after his death, he was surrogate in the Command.
Marc'Antonio di Aldello had the honor of being used by the Cardinal of S.Fiora for peace between Paul IV and Philip II, King of Spain. It belonged to the army of the Duke of Lorraine sent to you by Madame Cristina Grand Duchess of Tuscany, and gave signs of great value in the enterprise of Negroponte and Bona. Governor and Captain of a fortified island was then made. He waged in Hungary and his reputation as a valiant warrior procured him from the serenissima potentati many charges, as Captain of the Band of Poggi in Casentino; of Governor of the Fortress and Captain in the Militia of Montepulciano and master of Campo. When he arrived at a serious age, he asked for and obtained the Command of the Cavaliggeri of Montalcino, which City being next to his Villa of Poggio alle Mura, could have had the desired comforts. He died universally late in the year 1637.
Galgano di Luzio in 1644 was Captain of Infantry and then sent to govern the Arms of Montalcino. Giulio his brother replaced him in the Captain's Command, when Galgano was appointed to Montalcino.
Placido, illustrious Knight, Dominus, with fiefdom and large properties in S.Laurentio in Criptis near Orvieto, descendant of Domenico who was Governor of the city, bought the lordship of Sacrofano, in the Papal State, erecting in 1704 the great Palazzo Placidi, all 'existing today, facing the church dedicated to S. Edward King and where he insisted, with the money of the Placids, a Brotherhood of worship and charity for the poor sacrofanesi. It was said to have a patrimony of 500,000 scudi, from the Masserie of Sacrofano and of the Divino Amore, and from the estate outside Porta del Popolo in Rome, the best horses, sheep and wine of the Lazio came out. From whose descendants first Edoardo, then Lorenzo, of the soglio Cardinale and friend of Louis XV King of France, his only son had the vocation and became a Franciscan friar, then Lorenzo remarried in old age, had Odoardo, who in 1800 to 16 years, having Napoleon abolished the majority (obligation to bind the inheritance to the firstborn) found himself an heir to an immense fortune, which he squandered. His son Lorenzo considered himself a socialist and his brother Biagio, who became an attorney of the Sacred Rota, was a colleague of Armellini and a friend of Cardinal Mastai (future Pope Pius IX), Auditor of the Pontifical Council, General Secretary of the Triumvirate and Colonel of the Roman Republic of 1849 , at the restoration of the papacy lost the Masseria of the Divine Love, but resumed the activity became temporary Minister of the Kingdom of Italy in Florence and then I ° Councilor for Public Education in the Campidoglio.
Finally Attilio was also a lawyer, Franciscan tertiary and curator of the Convent of Benedictine Abbey of St. Anselm, whose son Joseph, by Decree of the President of the Republic of July 23, 1981, authorized that the grandchildren, had the only daughter Maria Adelaide married with Giorgio Mariani, they added to their own the surname Placidi, to continue the name of the House with the title, otherwise extinguished due to lack of male descent.
The one who brought the title of Count to this illustrious family with the Diploma Regio of 5 July 1700 was an Aldellus who received it from Augustus II, King of Poland, who extended it to his brothers and all descendants from them. After having administered the beams in the Capitol in the dignity of Senator of Rome, he was an orator to Charles V for the faction of some of his exiled citizens. He led the infantry with so much value and so attentively guarded the City of Pienza, fought against the French so bravely and again defended Malta besieged by the Turks. From the Grand Duke he had the honor of carrying the banner of the men of arms of Siena and was a gentleman of the Queen Casimira of Poland in Rome. They were enrolled in the Sienese Patriciate by Decree of May 28, 1753. They were buried in S. Domenico in Siena.
In the year 1928, reigning Vittorio Emanuele III, the noble title was recognized by the Kingdom of Italy. Another Aldello still militated with such reputation in France, and ended his days by ruling the Arms of Montalcino. He and his brother Francesco were the ones who opposed him because Francesco di Camillo Petrucci succeeded the Cardinal Raffaello Petrucci.
Evandro son of Marc'Antonio was the Infantry Captain in Pescia, and his son Aldello was named Infantry Captain in the retreat of the war that was in force between the connected Princes and the Papalini. He was at the siege of Motta in France and following the Duke of Atighienni in Germany he found himself at the battle of Hodiingen followed between the French and Bavarians, and he was wounded there. He died in the flower of his youth.
John of exquisite literature, particularly in human letters, and in relation to the legal sciences, facilitated a very wide road in the court of Rome, to achieve notable dignity, among which was to be hired at the Church of Sessa in the Kingdom of Naples. Placido his brother dedicated to him a blanket of brocade, existing in the Church of S. Domenico in Siena.
On the 18th of February each year the blessed Lorenzo Placidi died in the splendor of the City of Siena. It was this servant of God, one of the most in love with the Crucifix, among the followers of Blessed Giovanni Colombini and his admirable Christian virtues. made clear with the fame of some miracles.
Leone was Knight of St. John of the Order of Jerusalem in 1570 and Jerome in 1592.
Pompilio, of the Knight Lelio, was Grand Conservator of Religion in the Order of Malta in 1629; of the same Order Gerosolimitano Placido was part of it since 1657 and in 1694 it commanded a jail.
Muzio was one of the hundred men of the Grand Duke named sincere Knight and Ridolfo Cavaliere sent. Knights of Malta were made between Thomas and Fra Placido in September 24, 1657.
Cavalieri di S.Stefano, Postumio di Fabio in 26 April 1572, Giovan Battista di Giulio, on 16 September 1573 and Lepido di Pompilio on 14 September 1590, Francesco in 1626, Giovan Battista in 1671 and Girolamo in 1712 were also made.
As a reward for the great services lent to Siena, and in exchange for Radi confiscated after the expulsion of the Nine, the Placids had the lordship of Poggio alle Mura in the year 1490, confirmed to them by Charles V in 1550 and confirmed under that same government in 1563 The castle of Poggio alle Mura and the surrounding lands were in their possession until 1962. In the year 1455 they also had the lordship of Vicarello.
Domenico Placidi was Gonfaloniere of Siena in 1835 and in 1837, President of the Academy of Physiocrats in Siena from 1826 to 1831 and in the year 1809 he was Deputy of the Palio Festival of Siena. Giulio Placidi, married to Maria Ottavia Vettori Patrizia of Florence, on May 29th 1853 obtained the bubble of aggregation to the Order of Malta from the Lieutenant Place of the Magisterium Fra Filippo di Colloredo, and was sent to him another bull conceived: "We have granted the Knight Count Giulio Placidi, Vettori, Guerrini, Knight of devotion of our sacred Military Order with the faculty to carry the Cross hanging on the neck "
Later in attestation of his satisfaction with the useful services rendered for the benefit of the prisoners of Siena, and encouraged at the same time to preserve with equal commitment, His Imperial Highness and Royal Grand Duke Leopold II on 9 June 1835 deigned to order that it be done specially designed and minted in silver and transmitted to the same Mr. Count Giulio Placidi, who then held the post of Gonfaloniere di Sovicille, a medal of honor to the effigy of It and with an inscription that linked the name of Placidi with the title of such distinction .
Giovan Battista Placidi was Honorary Prior of the Contrada del Leocorno in Siena from 1857 to 1875, in whose territory, in Via di Pantaneto, the medieval Palazzo Placidi still exists today. Giuseppe Placidi was Honorary Prior of the Contrada del Leocorno from 1893 to 1909, and last descendant his granddaughter Carla, married to the Marquis Mazzarosa of Lucca, was Captain of the Contrada del Leocorno from 1948 to 1958, reporting two victories in the field on August 16, 1950 and September 5, 1954.
The Placid Family is an example of integration in the civic society militum of the twelfth century, they came out unscathed from the phase of the most acute anti-mortal fervor, became novices and constituted, in the last analysis, an extremely interesting example of domains in the populus. The political career, but also the employment in public offices, constituted a vehicle for social promotion for the rural lineages of the aristocracy, such as the Placids, which during the two hundred had known the phase of urbanization in close correlation with the assimilation of the families citizens, accompanied by a political affirmation and an ascent within the frameworks of the aristocracy.