Rolando Pallavicino, known as Il Magnifico, was an Italian leader and politician. He was a natural son and heir of Niccolò dei Pallavicino di Busseto, who died in 1401, who in 1391 had stipulated a pact of submission to Gian Galeazzo Visconti in the name of his family. Rolando was the creator of what was commonly called "Pallavicino State" in the mid-fifteenth century.
He moved with skill and ruthlessness in the complex tangle of political-military events that took place in the Po Valley during the first half of the fifteenth century, wandering between the Viscontis and their opposing powers, primarily the Republic of Venice.
In 1407 he married Caterina Scotti di Agazzano. He obtained in 1413 from the Emperor Sigismund of Luxembourg the confirmation of the privileges that the previous emperors had granted to his family, but he also invested the lands and castles he owned by the Milanese dukes Filippo Maria Visconti and Francesco Sforza.