Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from June 20, 1837 and Empress of India from 1876 until her death. His very long reign is also known as the Victorian era.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century King George IV reigns in England, around which a spiral of plots for succession engages, as George IV has no heirs. At his death his brother William IV ascended the throne. The problem reoccurs because not even William IV has children and his death could mark the end of the Windsor dynasty on the throne of England. The game for the succession is reduced to the other sons of George III: one is a female and is cut off from the game; this is married to Prince Leopold, destined later to become the king of Belgium. Another son is the Duke of Clarence who has no intention of joining in marriage; the last heir is Edoardo, who is fifty years old and lives more than twenty years with a woman of low rank. The latter is questioned and, although reluctantly, he is persuaded: a widowed sister of Leopoldo, Vittoria Maria Luisa, is chosen as his wife.
The latter announces to wait for a child and all await the future king of England: the long-awaited birth occurs on May 24, 1819, but the heir is a child. The presumed father can not even choose a name because he dies when the baby is only eight months old. The girl is thus called by her mother by her own name, Alexandrina Vittoria. Little Vittoria was born with a genetic disease: she is a healthy carrier of hemophilia.
The child grows up between the affection of her mother, Uncle Leopoldo and his two sons, cousins Alberto and Ernesto. William IV died in 1837 when Vittoria was 18 years old: the young woman immediately showed a certain character; immediately takes over the reins of the situation by giving provisions on the funeral of the uncle, preparing the composition of the parade.
A year later she is officially crowned Queen of England: Vittoria proves to know in depth the situation of his country, and immediately reforms the school; imposes new laws that reduce the working time of women and children, and quickly become very popular. He decides to marry his cousin Alberto, who will prove to be of great help: theirs will also be a true marriage of love.
In less than eleven, Victoria brings nine children into the world. Alice is the favorite daughter of the queen, but she, like the other daughters, also carries the hemophilia gene, and two sons are also affected. The queen is thus struck by the pain of losing some of her children. In 1861 her husband died due to typhoid fever.
After two years of mourning and grief, he establishes a deep friendship with John Brown, her groom, who becomes his trusted man and his advisor until his death, which occurs in 1883, due to the aftermath of an assault (suffered by envious that they saw badly the situation of the groom who became the fiduciary of the queen).
At the age of 64 Vittoria is alone with a son, Edoardo, the heir to the throne, fat and abulic, unable to help her in running the kingdom. Alice, the favorite daughter, dies young; the other children are accommodated in marriages of interest to Europe and absent from international political life; none of the children is up to the role of the mother. The Queen's affections seem to live in a disastrous situation, yet the stubborn Queen Victoria travels and works hard to make England an international power.
He also arrives in Italy where he buys numerous works of art that are still exhibited at the National Gallery in London. It becomes the queen of the most powerful empire of the earth: it boasts possessions in India, Oceania, Africa and the whole world looks at the economic empire of the United Kingdom as an absolute guide, thanks to the foresight and extraordinary abilities of statesman of Queen Victoria .
He died at the age of 82 on 22 January 1901: tired and sick, he asked to take a carriage ride in the Osborne woods; Here he closes his eyes softly, and his lady in charge orders the coachman to return quietly, believing that the queen is sleeping; Vittoria would not have woken up.
Its very long reign is today also called as "Victorian era".