George of Saxony, he was king of Saxony of the House of Wettin.
George was born in the Saxon capital, Dresden. He was the second son of King John of Saxony (1801-1873) and his wife Amalia Augusta of Bavaria (1801-1877), daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria.
Between 1849 and 1850 he attended the University of Bonn for six months but did not graduate.
On May 11, 1859 in Lisbon, George married the infanta Maria Anna Ferdinanda of Braganza (1843-1884), the oldest surviving daughter of Queen Maria II of Portugal and her consort, King Ferdinando II. Ferdinand was born prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Koháry.
Giorgio served under the command of his brother Alberto during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and in the Franco-Prussian War. In the reorganization of the Germanic army following the first phase of the fighting, Giorgio succeeded his brother in command of the XII Saxon army corps, framed in the new Maasarmee (or IV armada), he would successfully lead to the decisive battle of Sedan and the following siege of Paris.
Prince George was appointed General Field Marshal. Over time it became clearer that Alberto would not have had heirs, so he proposed to name Giorgio as heir to the throne. He succeeded Albert as king of Saxony on 19 June 1902, for only two years of reign. He died in Pillnitz and was succeeded by his eldest son Frederick Augustus III (1865-1932), who was deposed in 1918.