Lodron, sometimes referred to as Lodrone, is the surname of a noble family from Trentino, originally from the plain of Storo, in Valle del Chiese north of Lake Idro. The first documents that attest to its history date back to the end of 1100, even if legends from the past were about a Sylvester of Lodron participating in the first crusade of 1099.
From the plain of Storo, the Lodron extend their domain to Pieve di Bono with Castel Romano, Val Vestino to Magasa and Val Rendena. In 1452 they obtained the title and dignity of counts of the Empire and the administration of the Lodrone County. In that century, in 1456, the Lodron extended their presence and influence in Vallagarina, taking possession of the castles of Castelnuovo and Castellano, taking them away from the Castelbarco family. Their domain is also enriched by possessions in Bresciano with the fief of Cimbergo, in Valcamonica, and property in Concesio, in Val Trompia and in the Veronese area. Subsequently, the House moved the centers of their interests in Austrian territory, where in the seventeenth century Paride Lodron of Castellano and Castelnuovo became archbishop of Salzburg. Since the end of the seventeenth century the Lodron family has more interests in the Austrian territory and largely there abode.
In the historical documents the name Lodron is used for the first time in a lease of 10 March 1086 that the men of Lodrone concluded with those of Anfo for the exploitation of the pastures in the valley of Caffaro and for the right of fishing in the lake of Idro : in the document a certain Calapino di Lodrone is mentioned. The same Calapino di Lodrone results in a document dated August 27th 1185 vassallo of Count Enrico di Appiano. The castle of Lodrone was entrusted in fief on 24 August 1189 by the bishop of Trento Corrado II of Beseno to thirteen men "de Setauro" (Storo), who represented the seven families who had sworn to help each other to obtain the goods belonged to Calapino di Lodrone the previous 4 June in the church of San Floriano di Storo.
According to a popular tradition, Sylvester Lodron would have been alongside Goffredo di Buglione in the first crusade (1095 - 1099), but there is no evidence of this participation.
In 1361, following a division of the possessions, the family divided into the branches of Castel Lodrone and Castel Romano. In the document dividing assets between Albrigino I and nephews Parisino II, Antonio and Pietrozotino, the civil and criminal jurisdiction in Lodrone and Val Vestino is appointed. This first division was resolved after a few generations when the Lodron Lodron of Castel Lodrone violently violated the properties of their Lodron cousins of Castel Romano.
The Lodron vassals of the prince bishop of Trento taking advantage of the border position of their lands and the struggles of the bishop principality of Trento with the counts of Tirolo, the Visconti of Milan, the Scaligeri of Verona and the Republic of Venice, acquired power, rights and lands in the Giudicarie, Val Rendena, Val Lagarina, extending its properties in Trento and in Tyrol, in Piedmont, in Carinthia in Salzburg and in Bavaria.
Paride II Ottone (1380-1439), called "Paride il Grande", son of Pietro Ottone (Pietrozotto) "il Pernusperto" (son of Albrigino) , was a commander of the Venetian troops in the war against the Duchy of Milan . On 11 June 1441 he was appointed Count of Cemmo and Cimbergo, in Valle Camonica, in place of Bartolomeo della Torre, thanks to the help given to the Venetians in those territories in 1438.
The sons Giorgio (1400 - 1461) and Pietro (140? - 1485) received from Venice the castle of Cimbergo in Valcamonica with the county and Bagolino. They were present in Rome at the coronation of Frederick III. On 6 April 1452 Frederick III granted to them and their legitimate heirs the title and dignity of counts of the Empire. In 1456 the prince bishop of Trento Giorgio Hack (1446 - 1465) was commissioned to conquer the strongholds of Castelnuovo, Castellano, Nomi and Castel Corno that Giovanni Castelbarco did not intend to recognize as fiefs of Trento. The two Lodron brothers then kept for themselves Castelnuovo and Castellano. In the second half of the sixteenth century the Lodons extended their influence in Bresciano to Salò where they had a boarding school and a seminar for clerics of the countryside and Concesio where they erected a palace now known as Palazzo Montini (where Giovanni Battista Montini was born then became Pope Paul VI) .
Lodron of Castel Romano and Lodron lagarini or of Castellano and Castelnuovo
Exquisite-kfind.png The same topic in detail: Lodron sayings of Castellano and Castelnuovo and Feudo di Castellano and Castelnuovo.
The two brothers Giorgio and Pietro divided the properties so that the recently acquired feuds of Castelnuovo and Castellano, together with the Roman Castel Romano in Giudicarie, are owned by Pietro Lodron alone. His son Martino and the six sons of his other son, Paride, then divide the properties so that the first remains Castel Romano and the sons of Paride the two fiefs lagarini. Later, around 1530, the two feuds of Lagarini were so divided: at Nicolò and Giov.Francesco the fief of Castelnuovo and at Agostino and Andrea the fief of Castellano. Alessandro is a priest in Pomarolo and the sixth brother Antonio probably died not appearing in the division.
The Feudo di Castellano passed to Felice, Antonio and Agostino, sons of Agostino, Andrea died without leaving legitimate offspring. Felice married, had children but died at an early age, Agostino died thirty years of return from Puglia, last of the line of Castellano was Antonio Lodron di Castellano, canon and head of the chapter and president of the Chamber of the Principality of Salzburg. Antonio left the Feudo di Castellano to Nicolò Lodron di Castelnuovo who became the new lord of Castellano.
Nicolò Maria Lodron was invested with the fief of Castelnuovo in 1532; from these he passed to his son Paride Lodron and the other son Gasparo, who had a second marriage. Paride had Nicolò Lodron (1549-1621 married to Dorothea Welsperg.) Their eldest son was Paris Lodron (1586-1653), who was Prince Archbishop of Salzburg from 1619 to 1653, their other son was Cristoforo, father of Francis and Paris. The latter Paride, who died in 1703, was the last of the Lodron lagarini Paride, prince bishop of Salzburg, endowed his family with immense wealth.Institution of the "primacy of the primogeniture Lodron"  assigning him to his brother Cristoforo (possessions feudal ones that would be inherited only to the first child of these), in 1653 he established the "second-generation lodroniana" for the second son of his brother  .The archbishop also called Sebastiano Bartolomeo and Francesco Antonio Lodron, two brothers of the Brescia branch of Concesio , as bishops of the diocese of Gurk (under the archbishopric of Salzburg) in Carinthia, one after another rulers from 1630 to 1652.
In 1703 the branch of Lagarino or Castelnuovo-Castellano became extinct and the family's possessions passed to the Lodron of the Giudicarie descended from Giorgio, Pietro's brother (1400 + 1485), from whom the Lodron branch of the larch was born.