Carlo Goldoni was born on February 25, 1707 in Venice, by Giulio and Margherita Salviani. At the age of nine, he joined his father, a doctor in Perugia, where he began his studies at the Jesuits. From '23 to '25 he is a student of the Collegio Ghilisieri of Pavia and attends the Faculty of Law, but because of a violent satire, «Il Colosso», directed against the families of the Pavese nobility, is forced to leave the city.
In 1931, his father's sudden death forced him to resume his interrupted studies and graduate in law in Padua. After a few years of mediocre practice of advocacy and travel in many cities, he settled in Milan and in '34, he met the Capocomico Giuseppe Imer, for whom, in the following years, he wrote comic interludes, tragedies and tragicomedies.
In 1936 she married Nicoletta Conio in Genoa. In 1938 Goldoni dedicated himself to comedy and wrote Momolo Cortesan, in which the part of the protagonist was written almost entirely, thus beginning the "technical reform" that led him to abandon forever the improvisation of the Commedia dell ' Art.
In 1947 he met Gerolamo Medebach, who held Compagnia in Sant'Angelo in Venice, and persuaded himself to collaborate with him. In this period they are born: The shrewd widow, The putta honored, The knight and the lady. In 1950 he bets with the public to churn out 16 comedies in just one year; promise that will keep, giving life among others, to: The coffee shop, The liar and Pamela.
In 1953 La locandiera was born, right at the end of the period that he saw alongside Medebach. In the following period he assumes a 10-year commitment with the San Luca theater and here he presents some masterpieces such as Il campiello, I rusteghi, La trilogia della villeggiatura, Le baruffe chiozzotte.
Some failures and the now irreducible dispute with Gozzi, convince the playwright to leave Venice and reach Paris, invited by the Teaâtre-Italien, for which however he will have to resume writing "subject". In November 1971 the Bourru bienfaisant was represented at the Comédie Italienne, and aroused the admiration of Voltaire.
Still in Paris he writes, in French, his Memoirs, begun in 1984 and published in 1987. King Louis XV grants him a modest annual pension, but he will be removed in '92, in full Revolution. He died almost in misery in Paris, in 1793, the day before the restitution, by the constituent assembly, of the royal board.